Surely you must have heard the expression “scientific article” but do you know how to make one, why it is important and how it can influence your career? This article will answer these questions!
A scientific article can be requested at the academy usually at 2 different times; as TCC or for academics who want to have their research published in journals and other channels of scientific dissemination. In the latter case, it is more common for students interested in having published articles to look for a professor who will guide them in the publication and establish more precisely the contact between student and scientific journal. It can also happen that a scientific initiation monograph, or a master's dissertation, are reorganized and published as scientific articles. In the latter case, it is more common for the master's student to choose an aspect of his research for the elaboration of the article, since this textual genre should not be very extensive.
The scientific article is of great value for the dissemination of studies and research and is very interesting for the researcher. This is because, with the publication, its author gains a certain prestige and recognition. Besides, of course, being very useful in the academic's lattes curriculum.
HOW TO MAKE A SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE?
First of all it is essential that you are familiar with the subject of your article. You must have all the dimensions of the object of study very well assimilated, understanding it as a whole and also each of its parts. So you must be able to express your thoughts clearly and for that it is important that your ideas are precise and your scientific writing comes out objective and clear.
The fundamental objective of the article is to disseminate the results of investigations or studies carried out in a given area. It should be a succinct and relatively brief text that informs the reader about the investigated question, the theoretical framework used, the methodology used, the results achieved and the main difficulties encountered during the investigation process or in the analysis of the question.
STRUCTURE OF THE SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE
- Epigraph (optional)
- Abstract and Abstract
- Key words;
- Content (Introduction, textual development and conclusion),
SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES AND THEIR DETAILED STRUCTURE
- Title: must contain the key concepts
- Author(s): should be indicated from the center to the right margin. If there is more than one, they must be in alphabetical order. If they have different degrees, they must be in order from highest to lowest. Other data on the titration should be indicated in a footnote.
- Title: optional element is a thought referring to the central content of the article
- Summary: brief text where the objective of the article, the methodology and the results achieved must be exposed
- Key words: characteristics of the theme that serve to index the article. Use up to 6 words.
BODY OF THE ARTICLE:
- Introduction: aims to place the reader in the researched topic and offer a global view of the study. It should clarify the delimitations made by the author, the objectives and the justifications that led the author to the object of study.
It is important to point out the research questions for which the author will seek answers. The methodology that was used should also be highlighted. A good introduction answers the questions “what” (study problem), “what for” (study objectives) and “how” (methodology used).
- Development and Income Statement: Here, a review of the literature should be carried out and how it was used by the reader. An exposition and discussion of the theories used to understand and clarify the research problem should be done. It is necessary to analyze the information published on the topic until the time of the final writing of the work; this demonstrated theoretically.
It is also important to expose the arguments in an explanatory or demonstrative way, through propositions developed in the research, where the author thus demonstrates having knowledge of the basic literature on the subject.
- Conclusion: she must close the work responding to the hypotheses that were raised earlier. Remember to stick to the objectives stated in the Introduction because this moment should not contain new data about the work.
- Bibliographic references: a list of everything that was used to make the article. The publications used must have been mentioned in the text of the work and must comply with the ABNT 6023/2000 Norms.
GRAPHIC PRESENTATION OF SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES
- Source: must be Times New Roman or Ariel, size 12;
- Margins: Top: 3.0 cm. from the top edge of the Left sheet: 3.0 cm from the left edge of the sheet. Right: 2.0 cm. from the right edge of the sheet; Bottom: 2.0 cm. from the bottom edge of the sheet
- Numbering: should be placed in the upper right corner, 2 cm. from the edge of the paper with Arabic numerals and smaller font size, and on the first page there is no number, but it is counted.
- Spacing: The spacing between the lines is 1.5 cm. Footnotes, abstract, references, illustration legends, eventual tables and textual citations of more than three lines must be typed in single space between the lines.
- Highlights: terms in other languages must be in italics, without quotation marks. Examples: a priori, on-line, savoir-faires, know-how, apud, et alii, idem, ibidem, op. cit. To highlight terms or expressions, italics should be used. Avoid excessive use of quotation marks that visually “pollute” the text;
HOW TO CITE IN SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE
- Direct Quote: transcribed between quotation marks when they occupy up to three printed lines. At the end, the author, the date and the page must appear.
“Science, as a knowledge content, is only processed as a result of the articulation of the logical with the real, of the theory with the reality”.(SEVERINO, 2002, p. 30).
Citations of more than one author will be made with the indication of the surname of the two authors separated by the symbol &.
Siqueland & Delucia (1990, p. 30) state that “the problem-solving method in teaching-learning assessment points to a child's cognitive development”.
When the citation exceeds three lines, it must be separated with a paragraph indentation of 4.0 cm, single spaced in the text, with a smaller font:
Severino (2002, p. 185) understands that:
Argumentation, that is, the operation with arguments, presented with the aim of proving a thesis, is based on rational evidence and evidence of facts. Rational evidence, in turn, is justified by the principles of logic. More primitive foundations cannot be sought. Evidence is the manifest certainty imposed by the force of the modes of action of reason itself.
Note that after a direct quote you must comment on the quoted author's text in such a way that you never conclude a part of the text with a quote.
- Indirect Quote: Also called “conceptual” it reproduces ideas from the consulted source but without transcribing the text, thus being a free transcription of the consulted author's text. This citation must be presented by paraphrase, which, however, must make it clear that it is by another author, that is, right at the beginning, put the author's name and other information in the footer
According to Paulo Freire…
- Quotation quote: The citation of citation must be indicated by the author's surname followed by the Latin expression apud (next to) and the surname of the consulted work, in lower case,
Freire apud Saviani (1998, p. 30).
Footnotes: to call footnotes, use Arabic numerals, in the upper spacing without parentheses, with progressive numbering on the pages. They are typed in single space at size 10.
We hope that this article has been of great value to your academic career!